Depending on the region, for Mediterranean and Aegean region winter grass seeds (lolium perenne, festuca arundinacea etc.) sowing times are September-October, for summer seeds (cynodon dactylon) sowing time are March-April months. For the other regions the sowing time is during spring depending on weather conditions in March-April, during autumn is after having past the August heat until the end of October. Soil temperatures should be around for winter grass seeds 20-25 C for summer grass seeds around 30 C.
Soil fertilizer plant retrieval time varies according to the temperature. When the soil temperature is below 15 degrees plant nitrogen uptake is decreased so more phosphorus and potassium fertilizers should be preferred. For example, during the winter period NPK fertilizers nitrogen (N) ratio low phosphorus (P 20 5) and potassium (K 20) high fertilizers, during spring period balanced once, in summer period high nitrogen fertilizers should be preferred.
In soil preparation should the hard layer on the ground softened by raking and with collecting stones a flat surface should be created. If your soil hoeing weeds firstly weed herbicides should be applied and if you do raking after having dried herbs then you'll get better results.
To have a strong rooting a high-phosphorous (p2O5) fertilizer should be applied after raking the soil, collecting stones and flat surface.
If you use balanced NPK and micro element containing fertilizer you grass will pass the transition period without problems.
Irrigation in summer periods should be done in the morning and evening. If you are in a region where northeaster wind is too much also at noon an irrigation, called short irrigation devices, is recommended because the wind enables too much water loss and so your plant will have the sufficient moisture. In winter periods only in the morning irrigation should be done.
The frequency is depending on the used fertilizer. As nitrogen content fertilizers provide fast growth of the grass 2 times a week cutting should be done. The height of the grass should not exceed 3cm. If the height is high fungus diseases might be seen.
Permeable soils with low water holding capacity should be preferred. The most suitable soils are soils, which will not tighten once the grass roots. For example, zero sand is the most suitable one.
If tillage is done before sowing at least 15 cm in depth, the grass roots will move more comfortable and a more healthy lawn grass formation will be done.
We recommend minimum 50 g/m2 grass seed mixture.
These grass seeds varies according to the region. For the Mediterranean regions bermuda grass (cynodon dactylon) grass seed is resistant to wear and lack of water. In the other regions are the festuca species with less water requirement and are also resistant to wear. Depending on the regions Mediterranean mixtures with 40% bermuda grass, 30% lolium perenne, 30% festuca arundinacea. For the other regions are 90%or 70% festuca arundinacea spp., 10%or 20 % lolium perenne spp., 5%-10 poa pratensis are foreseen.
Immediately after seeding and the cover soil made, high phosphorous content fertilizers should be applied.
Would suggest Bermuda grass ( cynodon dactylon) grass seed.
All of today primarily conventional fertilizers pollute the underground water and soil salinity increases by disrupting the soil structure. Conventional fertilizers can be in the soil up to 3 weeks. 1/3 of these goes in the air, 1/3 by irrigation to the ground and 1/3 absorbed by the plant for grow up so that your lawn requires constantly moving (2 times week). As conventional fertilizers also have too much risk of burning irrigation should be done immediately after spread. As the ratio of NPK fertilizers the plant intakes is due to how much the irrigation you do with slow-release fertilizers. So your lawn will grow balanced and if you cut every 2 week your cutting frequency will fall to half. It does not create water contamination in the subsurface and as slow released fertilizers are sulfur-coated the soil pH is stabilized. The most important is that to care your lawns is to fertilize every 16 week and that there is no risk of burning and your irrigation system will not be changed. You may irrigate further as you are doing every day.
No, animal manure will cause much more weed. Normally if you even should get rid of weeds it will lokk like that you never applied weed herbicides. Additional you may invite fungus diseases.. Inside animal manure there are not any useful macro (NPK) or micro elements (Fe, Zn, Cu etc). It will just keep warm and germinates your grass. We therefore recommend to use sterile peat, free from weeds, instead.
Remaining time in the soil; 3 weeks in compound fertilizers 16 weeks in slow released fertilizers
Cutting frequency: 2 times a week with compound fertilizers 1 time in 2 weeks with slow released once.
Impact on soil structure: Compound fertilizers barren soil conditions barren in over time, with slow release fertilizers, pH rate will be balanced because of being coated.
Initially by using copper-containing fertilizer providing the interior drying, Afterwards a fertilization with a fertilizer containing micro elements like iron, manganese, and zinc for providing new shoots formation should be done. Here should one application should be foliar the other one 1 week later by drip. Minimum 3 applications should be done.
The dismantling and relocation should be done in spring before high temperatures and in autumn before frost. Fertilizers with amino acid and high-content phosphorous (P2O5) should be used.
In your evergreen plants, fertilizers should contain high ratio nitrogen (N),phosphorous (P2O5) and potassium (K2O) and additional micro elements. Especially how much your iron content is high so the green parts will get vibrant and dark green color.
Fertilizers with less nitrogen (N) and high content phosphorous (P25) and potassium (K2O) should be preferred. Phosphorous (P2O5) will increase the ratio of flowers and potassium (K2O) will increase the size and durability of your flowers.
Granulized and powder fertilizers should be spread without touching the body around the line. Liquid fertilizers should be sprayed on the leaves.
You should prefer high phosphorous (P2O5) or zinc containing fertilizer.
You should prefer potassium (K2O) fertilizers in fruit trees if you want to increase the quality and size of the fruits.
Soil aeration is done to relieve the plant's roots. Soil stiffness is set to break for the air-water balance. For soil aeration spring or autumn should be preferred.
The species to be used on sport fields should have wear tolerance, be more resistant to diseases, suitable for fast germination and multiplying and must be slow in growth. For villa gardens the same species can be used upon request.